Winter / Hiver 2017 21 and copper mining in Manitoba and Ontario, makes the country very susceptible to the cyclic ups and downs of the world market. As the aforementioned situation in Canada was very much recognized, wide spectrum industrial- ization felt necessary which will shift the econ- omy toward more high performance products, materials and technology. This is only possible through participating in a steadily increasing globalized commercial competition.The import- ance of this was mentioned in the so called Halifax-Declaration 1989, a report presented by the National Forum of Science and Technology Council to the Canadian Federal Government. Ultimately that was this necessity which brought the authors together. The realization of these goals from the status of a raw material country with yet weakly developed technological resour- ces was and is not at all easy. A very fruitful step was founding internationally known universities and research institutes, which is of course one of the many prerequisites for commercially usable high technology innovations. For an effective technology transfer the expertise in production and marketing are also necessary. These could not be achieved by merely shifting the existing R&D activities in these directions, although it was recently practiced to some extent - not only in Canada. Also the required growth of total R&D expenditure in Canada, which is still 1.4% (compared with 2.9% in Federal Republic of Germany) of the gross national product, is not only hampered by the budget crisis due to aus- terity measures of the fiscal policy, but only provides a partial solution to the problem as the industries are mostly formed from small companies as well as production companies with foreign consortiums that sparsely contrib- ute to local development. Based on what we have said before, the way to quickly resolve the aforesaid problems is a ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Special thanks to David Kendall, Tanja Masson-Zwaan, Christopher Johnson, and Aram Daniel Kerkonian for sharing their knowledge and insights over the past few months. Though their quotes and comments are embedded in the text, I take full respon- sibility for any errors or omissions in this publication. Also, thank you to Michael Afar from the Library and Archives of Canada for retrieving articles of Canada’s involvement in the OST negotiations. n REFERENCES [1] Sujiva Pinnagoda, “ITU at a glance” in Proc. of the ITU Terrestrial Workshop in Seychelles. Retrieved from shops/assistSeychelles/Documents/Presentations/ ITU_Glance.pdf. focused international cooperation through which the missing Know-how’s in technology and indus- trializing as well as management experiences can be incorporated. This is one of the essential tasks that the authors devoted themselves to, a task which is appealing as well because Canada is not empty handed. There is – as it was said before – exceptional experiences from the raw material sector, from agriculture to wood industry as well as its geographical vastness. In telecommunications sector, first of all the mobile and satellite communications must be mentioned. In addition there are particular achievements from newly founded universi- ties and research centers with remarkable but yet less applied synergy potential. This is partly due to the geographical vastness of the country and partly because of the less developed industrial infrastructure. Although there are many positive aforementioned examples here which could be used, we would like to emphasize on our two year projects with Alberta in focus: In the material sector, so far two cooperation contracts with European companies as well as research institutes were closed and four more are under progress. In this sector the Alberta experience regarding raw material extraction and processing was an essential factor, pos- sibly by looking back at our economical trade with Soviet Union whose northern territories have geological and climatic similarity with that of Canada. [2] Christopher Johnson, “Outer Space Treaty.” Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Planetary Science. Retrieved 15 Nov. 2017, from view/10.1093/acrefore/9780190647926.001.0001/acre- fore-9780190647926-e-43. [3] Stephen Doyle, “Nandasiri Jasentuliyana Keynote Address on Space Law: A Concise History of Space Law”, in Proc. of the 2010 International Astronautical Congress (IAC2010). 15pp. 2010. [4] Vladimir Mandl, “Outer Space Law: A Problem of Astronautics.” Bensheimer Verlag, Germany. 48pp, 1932. Translated to English by Kanner (Leo) Associates and retrieved from NASA-TM-77760 from https://ntrs. [5] United States Senate. 90th Congress, 1st Session. Treaty on Outer Space Hearings before the Committee on Foreign Relations. US Government Printing Office, 1967. [6] Kleinman, Matthew, Jennifer Lamie, and Maria-Victoria Carminati, The Laws of Spaceflight: A Guidebook for New Space Lawyers. ABA Book Publishing. 408pp, 2012. [7] House of Commons Debates, 27th Parliament, 2nd Session, Vol. 2. Pp. 1709-1711. June 1967. Retrieved from http:// With regard to agriculture one of these oper- ations in biotechnology must be emphasized. Beside these activities which are mandated by economical conditions, some specific areas must not be forgotten for example laser sector in which two cooperation contracts were signed with German companies or the field of speech recognition and parallel data processing as well as heavy automotive industry with altogether four cooperation contracts in progress. All of the abovementioned cases fall into the cat- egory of the authors’ expertise and therefore serve as examples only. But they would like to show that Canada is appealing as a technical-sci- entific collaborator, a fact that Europeans despite their common cultural roots with Canada took less advantage of as opposed to the Japanese. In this summary we would like to mention that Canadian people not only consider themselves as “multicultural”, but also they practice it in reality. Thus for a German person it feels more to be “at home” compared to the neighboring United States- and with the same generous and vast nature. This should be a reason for a physicist who is interested in having a technical-scientific cooperation with this country. On the other hand Canada welcomes such cooperation in order to achieve a balanced development not only in the preferential raw material sector but also in industrial business as well. Only if this is achieved very fast, then Canada can protect its economic and technological independence despite having a close border and free trade with USA and it can play its sought role as a bridge between developing economy blocks. n [8] Wilson Wong and James Fergusson, Military Space Power - A Guide to the Issues. Greenwood Publishing Group. 158pp, 2010. Next issue: The future of Space Law Canadian people not only consider themselves as “multicultural”, but also they practice it in reality. Thus for a German person it feels more to be “at home” compared to the neighboring United States- and with the same generous and vast nature About the Author Dario Schor is currently a Software Engineer at Magellan Aerospace while pursuing a Space Studies Ph.D. at the University of North Dakota. He obtained his B.Sc. and M.Sc. in Computer Engineering from the University of Manitoba in 2008 and 2013 respectively before attending the 2013 Space Studies Program from the International Space University in Strasbourg, France. Dario has served in various roles with- in IEEE Canada and the Winnipeg Section. He can be reached by email at IEEE CANADA ROSTER 2016 W.Kinsner/K.Hussain/C.Lowell/ – 5 of 14 – File: R 6.3 IEEE Canada Section Chairs - Western Ca Western Canada Area Chair IEEE #: 41261862 Bob Gill British Columbia Institute of Technology (BCIT) 3700 Willingdon Avenue Burnaby, BC, V5G 3H2 b H W F: North Saskatchewan: R70039 Formed: 08/23/1985 IEEE #: 41343067 Mark Pollock H: 110 Kloppenburg Cr Saskatoon, SK, S7W 0N6 W: 3714 Kinnear Place Saskatoon, SK, S7P 0A6 m H C W FW Northern Canada: R70013 Formed: 02/02/1955 IEEE #: 41482505 Mooney Sherman 5220 142 St NW Edmonton, AB, T6H 4B4 m (7 (7 S South Saskatchewan: R70019 Formed: 05/10/1956 IEEE #: 03385366 Shahedur Rahman 6239 Wascana Court Cres Regina, SK, S4V 3E8 sh H C W Southern Alberta: R70023 Formed: 05/10/1956 IEEE #: 41261862 Doug Brooks 26 Edmund Way SE Airdrie, AB, T4B 2G4 d H C Vancouver: R70027 Formed: 08/22/1911 IEEE #: 41574750 Lee Vishloff 2345 East Rd Anmore, BC, V3H 5G9 le H C Victoria: R70029 Formed: 10/05/1956 IEEE #: 21514257 Kelly Manning PO Box 35029 RPO Hillside Victoria, BC, V8T 5G2 k. H C O Winnipeg: R70031 Formed: 08/18/1953 IEEE #: 80518741 Dario Schor Magellan Aerospace 660 Berry St Winniepg, MB, R3C 2S4 sc C W Lift Off BY DARIO SCHOR continued from page 12 Acknowledgements: I would like to thank my German colleague Mr. Samuel Brem, Chalmers University of Technology, who kindly read my translation and commented on some parts.